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Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal (رحمه الله)

E-Book: The Status of Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal according to the Muhadditheen

There has been a consensus among all the Muhadditheen and Scholars of this Ummah concerning the Famous Imaam of Ahl us-Sunnah, Abu Abdullah Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Hanbal bin Hilaal bin Asad ash-Shaybaani al-Marwazi al-Baghdaadi (rahimahullah) (D. 241H) that he was an Aadil, Dhaabit, Thiqah, and extremely reliable Imaam.

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Al-Muqni’ – an Intermediary text in The Hanbali Madhab

The Book:

This is one of the most famous books in the Hanbali School for jurisprudence. It was authored by Imam Muwaffaq al-Deen ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee [d.620H]. Imam Muwaffaq authorized a series of books in jurisprudence, as a syllabus for the beginner’s level to the advanced level. The first of them being Al-Umdah, the second Al-Muqni’, the third Al-Kaafi and the fourth Al-Mugni; the syllabus was written in this manner for the gradual development in jurisprudence. Al-Muqni’ is not widely taught these days, but it makes up the syllabus for learning jurisprudence according to the Hanbali School. The People of Knowledge would teach this book after the study of smaller texts in jurisprudence, either Al-‘Umdah or Zaad al-Mustaqni’. It was way of the scholars that they would not let the beginners sit in the circles of al-Muqni’ classes; this was in order to prevent them from falling into confusion and misunderstanding.

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How Ibn Badraan would study Fiqh?

يقول ابن بدران رحمه الله في “: المدخل” :” أعلم أننا أهتدينا – بفضله تعالى – أثناء الطلب إلى قاعدة: وهي أننا كنا نأتي إلى المتن أولا ، فنأخذ منه جملة كافية للدرس ، ثم نشتغل بحل تلك الجملة من غير نظر إلى شرحها ، ونزاولها حتى نظن أننا فهمناها .ثم نقبل على الشرح فنطالعه المطالعة الأولى إمتحانا لفهمنا ، فإن وجدنا فيما فهمناه غلطا صححناه ، ثم أقبلنا على تفهم الشرح على نمط على نمط ما فعلناه في المتن .ثم إذا إذا ظننا أننا فهمناه راجعنا حاشيته – إن كان له حاشية – مراجعة إمتحان لفكرنا .فإذا علمنا أننا فهمنا الدرس تركنا الكتاب وأشتغلنا بتصوير مسائله في ذهننا فحفظناه حفظ فهم وتصور لا حفظ تراكيب وألفاظ ثم نجتهد على أداء معناه بعبارات من عندنا ، غير ملتزمين تراكيب المؤلف .ثم نذهب إلى الأستاذ للقراءة عليه ، وهنالك نمتحن فكرنا في حل الدرس ، ونقوم ما عساه أن يكون به من اعوجاج .ونوفر الهمة على ما يورده الأستاذ مما هو زائد على المتن والشرح”

Ibn Badraan [A famous Hanbali Scholar]– may Allah have mercy on him – said in Al-Madkaha:

“Know! that certainly we were guided – by the favour of Allah (SWT) to a principle, and that is:

We firstly used to approach a text [in fiqh], and then we would take a clause/sentence from it to study. Then we would busy ourselves in unravelling [i.e. understanding] that sentence without looking at its explanation and pursue it until we believed that we have understood it.

Then we would approach the explanation, we would read it properly once as an examination for our understanding. If we found that what we understood was not correct, then we would correct it.

Then we would turn toward the understanding of the explanation in the manner which we did the text.

Then if we believed that we understood it [i.e. the explanation] then we would look up it’s haashiyyah [the footnotes to it] – if there was a haashiyyah for it – as re-examination and verification for our thoughts.

If we knew that we understood the lesson then we would leave the book and kept our selves busy with picturing its issues in our minds. So we would memorise it; memorization of comprehension and concept and not the memorization of phrases and wordings.

Then we would work hard on conveying its meaning with sentences from our selves, without being adherers to the phrases of the author.

Then we would go to the teacher to read to him and there we would test our thoughts [i.e. understanding] in unravelling [i.e. explaining] the lesson and we would concern ourselves with what might be from deviation [i.e. from that which is right], and save what is significant which the teacher mentioned, which is additional to the explanation and the text.”

Source

The Fiqh of Taraweeh by Ustadh Alomgir Ali

A Selected Translation from the Chapter of ‘Recommended Prayers’ From the Book, Haashiyah ar-Rawdh al Murbi’ Sharh Zaad al Mustaqni, By Ibn Qaasim al Hanbali (1392h).

The text in bold is from the text Zaad al Mustaqni’ by Imam al Hajjaawi and the rest of the text is its commentary from ar-Rawdh al Murbi’ by Imam al Bahooti. The footnotes have been taken from the Haashiyah of Ibn Qaasim.

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Not Wasting Time Arguing With the Ignorant

Al-Qādhī ’Ayyādh رحمه الله reported:

فهذا المعتصم الخليفة العباسي يلتفت إلى أحمد بن حنبل رحمه الله ويقول له: كلم ابن أبي دؤاد فأعرض عنه أحمد بوجهه
وقال: كيف أكلم من لم أره على باب عالم قط؟

“When Imām Ahmad ibn Hanbal رحمه الله was requested by the ruler of his time (al-Mu’tasim) to debate a certain matter with Ibn Abī Dā’ud, he (Imām Ahmad) turned his face away and said: “How can I debate with a person whom I have never seen at the door of any Scholar (ālim)?”

[Adāb al-Ikhtilāf Page # 144]

Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal: “Haddathana and Akhbarana…”

It is reported that ‘Abdullāh b. Ahmad b. Hanbal –Allāh have mercy on him – said: I asked my father, “Who are the [real] people?” He replied, “The [real] people are none but those who say haddathanā and akhbaranā (those who report hadīth).

Source: Abū Bakr Al-Daynūrī, Al-Mujālasah wa Jawāhir Al-’Ilm article 3438.

From the Beauty of Knowledge

It is reported that Imām Ahmad b. Hanbal – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

Al-Shâfi’î saw me sitting in his circle, and there was some ink on my shirt I was trying to hide. He said, “Young man, why are you hiding it? Having ink on ones clothes is a sign of lofty conduct: to the sight it is black, but to the insight it is white (with the light of knowledge).

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Book Review: Al-Muharrar fī Fiqh / المحرر في الفقه

          

المحرر في الفقه

مع

النكت والفوائد السنية على مشكل المحرر لمجد الدين ابن تيمية

Al-Muharrar fī Fiqh

with

An-Nukat wal-Fawā’id as-Saniyyah ‘alā Mushkil al-Murrar li-Majdi-Dīn Ibn Taymiyyah

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The Dedication of al-Imâm Ahmad

In the year 198 AH, Imâm Ahmad decided to perform the Hajj, and thereafter visit `Abdur-Razzâq bin Hammâm in San`â (Yemen). He and his fellow-seeker of knowledge, Yahyâ bin Ma`în had agreed to do this, so they entered Makkah. While they were performing the Tawâf ‘l-Qudûm, they saw `Abdur-Razzâq bin Hammâm himself also performing the Tawâf!

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